MySQL Recovery- Recover MySQL Database from ibdata1 Easily

In this blog, you’ll get to know about different techniques to recover MySQL database from ibdata1. We will discuss both manual and a professional method including simple and easy steps. However, for the manual procedure, it’s important to have a good know-how of MySQL. On the other hand, a professional tool i.e. MySQL Database Repair Tool is the best choice for accurate and quick recovery. Read the blog, till the end to get all the details of how to restore MySQL database from ibdata1.


Before moving further, let’s first understand MySQL and ibdata1 files. MySQL is a database that is the most prominent relational database management system(RDBMS). It is widely used for managing and organizing data in structured tables with rows and columns. You can also set relationships between different tables. It also manages and stores data very easily from numerous files such as .ibd, ibdata, and .frm, associated with MySQL. Now let’s understand about ibdata1. 

Ibdata file is an important component in MySQL databases. It uses the InnoDB storage engine shared tablespace for InnoDB tables. It stores data and metadata essential for the functioning of the database such as insert buffers, undo spaces, etc.

You need to recover data from ibdata1 file, if the following activities take place. They adversely affect the data in ibdata1 making MySQL not work properly:  

  • The ibdata1 file gets automatically deleted.
  • There is corruption in the Cache file.
  • Ransomware attacks, hardware issues, and server crashes.

Now, let’s figure out different methods to restore the MySQL database from the ibdata1 file.

Manual Method to Recover MySQL Database from ibdata1

Mostly, when we encounter any error or issue in the system or application, we restart the system. And surprisingly, sometimes it assists in fixing minor issues. Therefore, in the case of MySQL database corruption and damage, try restarting your system first. However, if restarting doesn’t benefit you then go for the other methods. To know how to Restore MySQL Database from ibdata1 Free, follow the step-by-step process below. 

Step 1: Modify InnoDB Log File Size

  1. Access the MySQL configuration file (my.cnf).
  2. Next, find the ‘innodb_log_file_size‘ settings.
  3. Run the command ‘ls -lh ib_logfile0’ to find the size of InnoDB log file.
  4. Next, adjust the innodb_log_file_size value to match the size of the ib_logfile0 file in my.cnf file. For instance, if ib_logfile0 is 128M, set ‘innodb_log_file_size’ to 128M.

Step 2: Copy Files for Recovery

Next, you need to copy all ibdata files to the MySQL data folder. Use the following command::

cp -r /new/ibdata* /var/lib/mysql/

Now, create an empty folder inside your new MySQL data directory. Ensure to give it the same name as the data you want to restore.

Step 3: Copy Schema Files

In this step, you need to replicate the .frm files within the created directory. That is copy and paste the .frm files

cp –r /new/ib_logfile* /var/lib/mysql/ cp –r /new/schema_name/*.frm /var/lib/mysql/schema_name/

Step 4: Restart/Reboot MySQL Server

Use the command below to reboot the MySQL server:

service mysqld restart

Step 5: Validate Recovery

After performing all the above procedures, check and ensure that all tables and their data have been successfully restored.

This is the detailed manual process for recovering the MySQL Database from ibdata1. Nonetheless, it is always advised to exercise caution with your SQL files and data during manual operations. If you somehow are not able to recover inaccessible data from MySQL ibdata1 files then you can opt for a professional tool. Moreover, the manual process is risky to perform without good knowledge of MySQL. Let us learn more about the tool.

Professional Method to Recover MySQL Database from ibdata1

Download the MigrateEmails MySQL Database Recovery Tool. It is the most secure and convenient way to restore MySQL database from ibdata1. It effectively assists in repairing damaged and corrupted MySQL data files. Also, you can restore database items like queries, tables, triggers, stored procedures, indexes, and so on. After scanning corrupt files, it displays a preview of the recovered database items. Further, you can save recovered data in a new database or as an SQL script. Moreover, you do not need any additional assistance to perform recovery through this tool. Let us see how to 

How to Recover Data from ibdata1 File?

First of all, download and install the MySQL Database Repair Tool on your system.  Further, follow the steps below to recover MySQL Database from ibdata1:

  1. First of all, run the tool as an administrator.
  2. Click on Open and browse the database files. 
  3. Add the desired database file you want to recover.
  4. Once the scanning process is complete, you can preview the database items.
  5. At last, click on the ‘Save MySQL Data’ option at the top.
  6. Select the saving mode and tap OK to save the recovered MySQL data.

To try the tool and test how it works, you can download the free demo version. However, it doesn’t allow users to save the recovered data. 

Wrapping Up

Hence, in this blog, we have discussed two methods to recover MySQL Database from ibdata1 files. You can choose either of the procedures at your convenience. However, the manual method requires more time and knowledge of MySQL. On the contrary, you can easily restore your data with minimum effort and technical knowledge by just using a professional tool. Thus, the professional method is the most recommended solution.

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